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Article de périodique

Fiche mise à jour le 23 novembre 2018

Adult attachment and longterm effects in survivors of incest

En bref

Auteurs : Pamela C. Alexander, Catherine L. Anderson, Bethany Brand, Cindy M. Schaeffer, Barbara Z. Grelling, Lisa Kretz
Périodique : Child Abuse & Neglect
Numéros : vol. 22, nº 1, ISSN 0145-2134 (Imprimé)
Dates : Date de publication: 01/1998
Etendue : pp. 45-61
Liens internet : DOI

Description

Titre :

Adult attachment and longterm effects in survivors of incest

Résumé :

Objective: The aim of the study was to test the hypothesis that adult attachment is related to distress and personality disorders in incest survivors.

Method: Adult female incest survivors recruited from the community participated in a structured interview (Family Attachment Interview; Bartholomew & Horowitz, 1991) and completed measures of current functioning (Impact of Event Scale, SCL-10, Beck Depression Inventory) and personality (MCMI-II). Complete data from 92 cases out of the total sample of 112 were analyzed.

Results: Analyses of variance suggested that attachment (as represented by a category) was significantly related to personality structure, with fearful individuals showing more avoidant, self-defeating, and borderline tendencies and preoccupied individuals showing more dependent, self-defeating, and borderline tendencies than secure or dismissing individuals. Results of hierarchical regression analyses suggested that attachment (as represented by four dimensions) was significantly associated with personality structure, depression and distress, and abuse severity with post traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) symptoms (intrusive thoughts and avoidance of memories) and depression.

Conclusions: The findings demonstrated the propensity for insecure attachment among incest survivors. Sexual abuse severity and attachment have significant but distinct effects on longterm outcome; abuse characteristics predict classic PTSD symptoms and attachment insecurity predicts distress, depression, and personality disorders above and beyond any effects of abuse severity.

Mots-clés libres (FR) :

Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health, Developmental and Educational Psychology, Psychiatry and Mental health

Mots-clés libres (EN) :

Incest, Attachment theory, Longterm effects

Détails

Langue : anglais
Numéro de fiche : 238
Source : CrossRef: 2018-05-04
Type de fiche : Article de périodique
Création : 04/05/2018
Dernière modification : 23/11/2018
Statut WordPress : Publié