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Article de périodique

Fiche mise à jour le 16 novembre 2018

Prevalence and predictors of Axis I disorders in a large sample of treatment-seeking victims of sexual abuse and incest

En bref

Auteurs : Eoin McElroy, Mark Shevlin, Ask Elklit, Philip Hyland, Siobhan Murphy, Jamie Murphy
Périodique : European Journal of Psychotraumatology
Numéros : vol. 7, nº 1, ISSN 2000-8198 (Imprimé), ISSN 2000-8066 (En ligne)
Dates : Date de publication: 08/04/2016
Etendue : Article: 30686
Liens internet : DOI

Description

Titre :

Prevalence and predictors of Axis I disorders in a large sample of treatment-seeking victims of sexual abuse and incest

Résumé :

Background
Childhood sexual abuse (CSA) is a common occurrence and a robust, yet non-specific, predictor of adult psychopathology. While many demographic and abuse factors have been shown to impact this relationship, their common and specific effects remain poorly understood.

Objective
This study sought to assess the prevalence of Axis I disorders in a large sample of help-seeking victims of sexual trauma, and to examine the common and specific effects of demographic and abuse characteristics across these different diagnoses.

Method
The participants were attendees at four treatment centres in Denmark that provide psychological therapy for victims of CSA (N=434). Axis I disorders were assessed using the Millon Clinical Multiaxial Inventory-III (MCMI-III). Multivariate logistic regression analysis was used to examine the associations between CSA characteristics (age of onset, duration, number of abusers, number of abusive acts) and 10 adult clinical syndromes.

Results
There was significant variation in the prevalence of disorders and the abuse characteristics were differentially associated with the outcome variables. Having experienced sexual abuse from more than one perpetrator was the strongest predictor of psychopathology.

Conclusions
The relationship between CSA and adult psychopathology is complex. Abuse characteristics have both unique and shared effects across different diagnoses.

Mots-clés libres (EN) :

Childhood sexual abuse, Axis I disorders, Help-seeking sample, Sexual trauma, Incest, Multivariate analysis, Multiple perpetrators, Adult psychopathology

Détails

Langue : anglais
Numéro de fiche : 1351
Source : CrossRef: 2018-05-04
Type de fiche : Article de périodique
Création : 04/05/2018
Dernière modification : 16/11/2018
Statut WordPress : Publié