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Fiche mise à jour le 15 novembre 2018

Incest Taboos and Kinship: A Biological or a Cultural Story?

En bref

Auteurs : Dwight W. Read
Périodique : Reviews in Anthropology
Numéros : vol. 43, nº 2, ISSN 0093-8157 (Imprimé), ISSN 1556-3014 (En ligne)
Dates : Date de publication: 03/04/2014
Etendue : pp. 150-175
Liens internet : DOI

Description

Titre :

Incest Taboos and Kinship: A Biological or a Cultural Story?

Résumé :

In most, if not all, societies, incest taboos—perhaps the most universal of cultural taboos—include prohibitions on marriage between parent and child or between siblings. This universality suggests a biological origin, yet the considerable variation across societies in the full range of prohibited marriage relations implies a cultural origin. Correspondingly, theories regarding the origin of incest taboos vary from those that focus on the biological consequences (were marriage-based procreation allowed to include inbred matings) to those that focus on social consequences such as confounding social roles, especially within the family, or restricting networks of interfamily alliances, were marriages to take place between close relatives. For those focusing on the biological consequences, the sexual aversion hypothesis of the anthropologist Edvard Westermarck has played a central role through seemingly providing an empirically grounded, causal link from the phenomenal level of behavior to the ideational level of culture. Yet the matter is not so simple and requires rethinking of what we mean by kinship and how our ideas about kinship relate to the widespread occurrence of incest taboos and the extensive variability in their content.

Mots-clés libres (FR) :

Cultural Studies, Anthropology

Mots-clés libres (EN) :

Culture, Evolution, Incest taboos, Kinship, Sexual aversion, Westermarck

Détails

Langue : anglais
Numéro de fiche : 1268
Source : CrossRef: 2018-05-04
Type de fiche : Article de périodique
Création : 04/05/2018
Dernière modification : 15/11/2018
Statut WordPress : Publié